By Christine Owen
This publication presents an summary of cutting-edge learn that has been performed inside of Australia, funded via the Bushfire Cooperative examine Centre. The chapters resource and contextualize their very own examine perform in the context of the overseas examine literature. for this reason, whereas the examine has happened inside Australia it is going to be of specific curiosity to students, scholars and practitioners in a couple of different nations, fairly in the u . s . and in Europe.The hearth and emergency companies is a very huge - in Australia by myself it employs 250,000 body of workers - but there's little or no when it comes to released human elements books addressing this zone without delay. Emergency occasions usually contain difficulties for which there's unanticipated results and hugely interdependent consequential results. briefly, emergency occasions aren't unavoidably as containable as will be paintings in different domain names. As Karl Weick as soon as commented, emergency occasions don't 'play through the rules'. which means those study chapters let us know whatever a couple of capability destiny global of labor that's hugely dynamic, interdependent and for which improvisation and demanding pondering and problem-solving are priceless pre-requisites. The discussions approximately person and crew functionality may also be pertinent to others operating in comparable high-reliability, high-consequence domain names. The chapters attach into an built-in physique of labor approximately person and crew functionality and their boundaries.
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Extra info for Human Factors Challenges in Emergency Management: Enhancing Individual and Team Performance in Fire and Emergency Services
The level of self-awareness or metacognition about thinking processes is discussed by Lisa Frye and Alex Wearing in Chapter 4. They discuss the role that self-awareness plays when working under the time-critical, dangerous and pressured situations of firefighting. They used think aloud protocols during simulations with a group of experienced and volunteer firefighters to document the errors made by personnel when overloaded. Their work also identifies some of the metacognitive strategies that experienced personnel use in order to better manage under these conditions.
Weltman, G. H. (1966). Perceptual narrowing in novice divers. Human Factors, 8, pp. 499–505. E. H. (1971). Perceptual narrowing during simulated pressure chamber exposure. Human Factors, 13, pp. 99–107. Wise, J. (2009). Extreme fear: The science of your mind in danger. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. , Raviv, S. and Inbar, R. (2007). The benefits of a graduated training program for security officers on physical performance in stressful situations. International Journal of Stress Management, 14, pp.
Finally, given the indications of increases in extreme weather-related events, the need for a better understanding of human factors in the fire and emergency services domain has never been more timely or needed. It is for these reasons, that this book represents an important contribution to this emerging field. Acknowledgements The research was supported by a Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre Extension Grant. However, the views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Board of the funding agency.
Human Factors Challenges in Emergency Management: Enhancing Individual and Team Performance in Fire and Emergency Services by Christine Owen